This was his official photo as an astronaut. He made his historic flight on February 20, 1962 on Friendship 7 -- three revolutions around the Earth.
He was a U.S. Marine fighter pilot during World War II where he went on 149 missions and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. He also flew in Korea. He made it as a Mercury 7 astronaut, the first group to go to space. In 1974, he became a U.S. Senator from Ohio at the suggestion of President John F. Kennedy, and was elected to four terms. In 1998, at age 77, he flew on the Discovery Space Shuttle.